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One of the causes of paroxysmal type violence is visual hallucinations. A person who is in a psychotic state of consciousness can see horrific, terrifying images in the mind’s eye in place of the real imagery in the visual field. For example, a family member can appear to be a grotesque, monstrous image. more….
DJP wants to restate comments made on the blog page about trauma and abuse as they relate to mental health. Clearly, trauma and abuse, especially when experienced by children can have devastating and long-lasting effects on psychological health. These traumas can lead to situational depression, substance abuse, and other tragic consequences. It is also known that there is a strong mind-body connection between psychological and physical health. DJP just does not subscribe to the trauma/abuse causation theory of psychosis-spectrum disorders.
Dr. Insel said in the interview that his motivation was not to disparage the D.S.M. as a clinical tool, but to encourage researchers and especially outside reviewers who screen proposals for financing from his agency to disregard its categories and investigate the biological underpinnings of disorders instead. He said he had heard from scientists whose proposals to study processes common to depression, schizophrenia and psychosis were rejected by grant reviewers because they cut across D.S.M. disease categories.
“They didn’t get it,” Dr. Insel said of the reviewers.
Exploring other neurological disorders, e.g. Seizures Disorders, Autism, Parasomnias -Considering how Schizophrenia and Delusional Disorder (Psychosis) overlap with other disorders that transiently or chronically cause (neurological) disorder of waking consciousness and violent behavioral symptoms. The most grave symptoms of Schizophrenia are neurological – not psychological.
Excerpt from Psychosis vs Criminal thinking:
Post deinstitutionalization: Between 1988 and 2008, the proportion of Vermont state hospital admissions accounted for by forensic patients increased 50 percent; in Massachusetts, 281 percent; in New York, 309 percent; and in Pennsylvania, 379 percent.
Violence as a symptom of neurological or brain dysfunction is almost always controversial. Human beings are conditioned to have difficulty accepting that biological defect or malfunction, rather than ‘evil (as some type of “disembodied” force controlling the mind and body) can be the cause for violent behaviors.
Research papers on almost any disorder affecting the brain will frequently insert the obligatory qualification that violence in association with the subject disorder is controversial. Whether the disorder is Autism, or traumatic brain injury (TBI), or seizure disorders, there will be skeptics and combatants against any association with violence (Although, in the case of these disorders, the violence may be paroxysmal rather than that which is indicative of pre-meditation…such as violence arising from sustained delusions…predatory or defensive aggression). Concessions will almost invariably be granted to skeptics: Individuals with medical or scientific credentials, stakeholders who are consumed with fighting stigma, and other operators who are driven by powerful prosecutorial proclivities. Violence is, of course, and rightfully, the most highly stigmatized type of human behavior. No one wants it to be beyond our control, even in the case of severe mental illness.